Today is the anniversary of the death of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, also known as JFK. Between 1961 and 1963 he was Americas 35th president and his term in office happened to fall into the peak level of Cold War with significant historical events. His foreign policy was directly challenged and further influenced by Fidel Castros coming into power in Cuba. The new emergence of a communist state just next to the American continent was a big threat for the US and the deployment of soviet nuclear missiles led to the probably closest moment before a nuclear escalation between the US and the Soviets, known as the Cuban missile crisis. The successful handling of the cliff-hanging crisis is known as one of Kennedys biggest moments in foreign policy – but also led to critics by hardliners as the following picture of a handbill circulated one day before the assassination shows.
In addition to the Cuban crisis in JFK’s term fell the building of the Berlin Wall, the Civil Rights Movement in America, early stages of Vietnam war and the money pouring Space Race. Because of his youth and big charisma he was very popular. On the November 22 1963, Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas during a presidental convoy. Oswald was shot to death two days later by Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby before he could testifiy in trial.
The death of Kennedy led to enduring conspiracy theories and still many Americans believe that there was a cover-up of the assassination facts.